High blood pressure or hypertension affects one in every three adults over the age of 20. People in their late 60s are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure. Hypertension is a measurable dynamic crucial sign that can be observed. The numbers show the amount of pressure being applied to the blood flow throughout the human body’s internal vein of the network.
The blood pressure usually fluctuates from time to time, though there is a normal range that it can fall and rise with. CBD can be used to lower blood pressure when taken in the appropriate doses. It can also be used to manage the symptoms associated with high blood pressure, such as anxiety, stress, fatigue, and lack of sleep.
CBD May Help Regulate Blood Pressure in The Following Ways
Relaxes the Blood Vessels
An experiment conducted using constricted human arteries showed that CBD reduces pressure in the arteries by 40%. It was observed that CBD reduces blood pressure by activating CB1 receptors in the membrane lining the inside of the heart and blood vessels. This results in the release of nitric oxide, which signals molecules causing the arteries to dilate and reduce blood pressure.
Researchers found out that CBD could work beyond the endocannabinoid system to directly control blood pressure in arteries by preventing calcium channel influx in the arteries’ muscular layer. Calcium enters the muscle causing the muscles to contract, thereby promoting relaxation and dilation of blood vessels.
Protects Against Inflammation and Oxidative Damage
CBD contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that help to lower blood pressure. Research has shown that CBD protects blood vessels from damage due to elevated glucose levels or inflammation that can result in hardening of the arteries and high blood pressure. It also regulates cyclooxygenase activity (COX), promoting the production of prostanoid compounds that cause the blood vessel to widen.
May Reduce Fluid Retention
Too much sodium in cells promotes water retention, which can elevate blood pressure. CBD promotes potassium influx into cells, thereby preventing fluid retention. Potassium and sodium work in opposition to each other.
Protects against Effects of High Blood Sugar
CBD may prevent the arteries from being damaged by the effects of high blood glucose. In an experiment involving tissue culture, CBD helped reduce the effects. The exact mechanisms of the observations are not yet certain, researchers speculate that the benefits are due to lowering inflammation.
Alleviates Stress and Anxiety
CBD promotes the relaxation of arteries by lowering the activity of stress-response enzymes in the endothelial lining that promotes inflammation leading to high blood pressure. CBD also acts on memory centers of the brain that inhibit traumatic memories that trigger anxiety response.
CBD is also known to calm the cardiovascular response to anxiety. Experiments on laboratory animals showed that CBD could reduce elevated heart rate and blood pressure however, human clinical trials remain inconclusive.
Regulate Genes Involved With High Blood Pressure
Research has shown that CBD may activate the gene involved in fat and glucose metabolism. This gene decreases inflammation in the endothelial cells, leading to relaxation of arteries.
These statements have not been evaluated by the food and drug administration (FDA). These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.