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CBD Regulations for Six Top Sports Organizations

At the start of 2018, the removal of cannabidiol (CBD) from the World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA) banned substances list went into effect. This change prompted an inquiry about the rules regarding CBD in other sports organizations. While many cover the topic of marijuana in sports, we were curious as to how sports organizations handle CBD, if at all.

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a chemical compound found naturally in the cannabis plant. When sourced from hemp, CBD oil contains less than 0.3% THC, which is the compound that causes a euphoric high that cannabis is infamous for. CBD does not get you high; instead, it provides a myriad of possible health benefits such as anti-inflammationanti-anxiety, and pain management. When sourced properly, hemp-derived CBD oil is legal in the United States.

The WADA is the first major sports organization to acknowledge CBD as a compound separate from marijuana. Some leagues look as if cannabis reform is in the future, while others cannot be budged. Here’s a look at six top sports organizations and their views on CBD.

WADA

In August 2016, UFC fighter Nate Diaz spoke candidly about vaping CBD at a UFC 202 post-fight press conference. In response, the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) issued Diaz a public warning the use of a prohibited substance. Since January 1, 2018, however, athletes like Diaz can be as outspoken about CBD as they’d like.

WADA Removes CBD as a Prohibited Substance

“Cannabidiol is no longer prohibited.” This statement, released by WADA in September 2017, is the first of its kind in the history of competitive sports. With this decision, WADA has given thousands of athletes the opportunity to use CBD as a natural alternative without the fear of consequence.

Created by the International Olympic Committee, WADA unifies global anti-doping policies. Organizations that use the WADA policy include the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, all International Federations, and over 200 National Anti-Doping Organizations, including USADA. USADA has advocated for the adoption of WADA policy by collegiate and professional sports leagues, although this change has yet to be embraced.

The modified WADA document does caution athletes to be aware of the THC levels in the CBD products they are using. The document states, “Synthetic cannabidiol is not a cannabimimetic; however, cannabidiol extracted from cannabis plants may also contain varying concentrations of THC, which remains a prohibited substance” (source).

WADA’s threshold for THC is 150 nanograms (ng) per milliliter (ml), which was raised from 15ng/ml in 2013. This is the highest THC threshold compared to the collegiate and professional sports leagues discussed here. In terms of recreational substances, WADA has been progressive. Dr. Alan Vernec, the agency’s medical director, told the LA Times, “It’s a very active process that … is always open to debate and is discussed regularly.”

With its significant impact on the global sports community, it is our hope that WADA’s decision will prompt other sports organizations to follow its lead on CBD regulations.

NCAA

NCAA
SOURCE: SPORTINGNEWS.COM.

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) regulates athletes across over 1,200 institutions, conferences, and organizations. This sports organization is known for having the strictest marijuana testing threshold in comparison not only to other sports organizations but to employers such as the Federal Aviation Administration and the U.S. military. The NCAA testing threshold for marijuana is 5 ng/ml and took effect on Aug. 1, 2013.

Cannabidiol is not listed on the NCAA 2017-18 Banned Drugs List. However, the list states, “Any substance that is chemically related to one of the above classes, even if it is not listed as an example, is also banned!” (The exclamation point is included.) It is under our assumption that CBD is considered “chemically related” to tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, and is, therefore, a banned substance.

NCAA’s Changing Approach

In 2014, the NCAA passed legislation that reduced the penalty for a positive marijuana test from a full season to half a season. This is less of a penalty than a positive test for performance-enhancing drugs such as steroids or human growth hormone (HGH).

Regarding this change in legislation, a representative for the NCAA stated, “Street drugs are not performance-enhancing in nature, and this change will encourage schools to provide student-athletes the necessary rehabilitation” (Source). This reflects the NCAA’s changing approach to recreational drugs such as marijuana and the shift in focus from punishment to drug education and rehabilitation.

NCAA and WADA Policy

During a meeting in December of 2017, the NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports (CSMAS) voted on a recommendation that would modify the NCAA’s banned drug classes to reflect the prohibited list established by the WADA. Under this change, the cannabinoids class would only include marijuana; CBD would not be prohibited. This recommendation will need to see support from the NCAA governing members if it is to move forward.

Without the information to determine the permissibility of CBD, we are left to conclude that the use of CBD is banned in the NCAA. It appears, at this time, that the NCAA does not feel the pressure to acknowledge CBD as either a potential health supplement or a banned substance.

For students seeking more information regarding the use of CBD, the NCAA states, “Before consuming any nutritional/dietary supplement product, review the product with the appropriate or designated athletics department staff!”

NFL

JAKE PLUMMER. SOURCE: ROBERT BECK/SI.

National Football League (NFL) players experience an array of painful, oftentimes debilitating, injuries. For players both active and retired, opiates and anti-inflammatories are commonplace. In March 2017, 1,800 former NFL players sued the NFL for breaking federal drug laws in order to keep players on the field (source). The abuse of painkillers and other drugs by NFL teams is drawing public attention as an increasing number of athletes are stepping forward.

To avoid the nationwide epidemic of opioid addiction and seek a more natural solution, cannabis is becoming a more widely accepted alternative for the treatment of pain. There are many current and former NFL players who are not only proponents of marijuana but are pushing for the research of medicinal cannabis and, in particular, CBD.

In recent years, the prevalence of head injuries in football has been a major area of concern. The link between football and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative disease of the brain caused by repetitive trauma, was discovered by Dr. Bennet Omalu in 2002. The therapeutic properties of CBD suggest that this cannabinoid could potentially treat the retired professional football players that are suffering from CTE. The possibility of CBD as a treatment for a variety of ailments, including CTE, has heightened many player’s insistence that cannabis is removed as a banned substance.

Under the NFL Players Association’s (NFLPA) Policy and Program on Substances of Abuse, delta 9-THC-carboxylic acid, or marijuana, is banned at a threshold of 35 ng/ml, which was raised from 15 ng/ml in 2014. While not specifically listed under this policy, CBD is considered a product of cannabis and is also banned.

NFL’s Response to the Push for Cannabis

NFL commissioner Rodger Goodell opposes the use of recreational marijuana but says he is willing to listen to the league’s medical advisors on the potential benefit of medicinal cannabis.

The current NFL collective bargaining agreement, which is the agreement between the players’ union and management council, expires in 2020. Health and safety are key issues that are discussed during this negotiation and it is predicted that the issue of medicinal cannabis will be presented. This agreement presents the opportunity for both sides to either acknowledge CBD as a separate compound from THC or address the legality issue of cannabis as a whole.

Until then, we expect more players to speak out about the issue. Here’s what former players have to say:

“It’s time for the NFL to change its archaic standards to better protect its players. For too long, I’ve watched my teammates and good friends battle with opioid addiction and leave the game with a long road still ahead; it’s time to make a change.” – Eugene Monroe, former offensive tackle (source)

“I want to provide my old teammates and opponents with a possible remedy to their pain and struggles while helping current players possibly avoid what may lay ahead in their post-football careers.” – Jake Plummer, former quarterback (source)

“I think in due time, the NFL is going to realize that CBD is not a performance-enhancing drug. If anything, it helps with anxiety, helps with concentration, it helps with pain.” – Ebenezer Ekuban, former defensive end (source)

NBA

SOURCE: NEONBRAND ON UNSPLASH.

In an UNINTERRUPTED documentary, former National Basketball Association (NBA) commissioner David Stern, who tightened the league’s stance on marijuana during his time as commissioner from 1984-2014, made headlines when he stated that medical marijuana “probably should be removed from the banned substance list.”

In response to Stern’s statement, NBA executive vice president of communications Mike Bass stated, “While (current NBA) commissioner (Adam) Silver has said that we are interested in better understanding the safety and efficacy of medical marijuana, our position remains unchanged regarding the use by current NBA players of marijuana for recreational purposes” (source).

Bass was referring to comments made by Silver in August 2017, in which he stated that the league is “open” to the legalization of medical marijuana as long as the science supports its benefit.

Cannabis has been a banned substance in the NBA since 1999. Players are randomly tested four times throughout the year and must not exceed the THC threshold of 15ng/ml. If a player tests positive for marijuana, he must comply with treatment and subsequent testing. A second offense results in a $25,000 fine. Any following violations result in a five-game suspension (five games for a third offense, ten games for a fourth, etc.).

Influence of the NBA Players Association

The most recent NBA collective bargaining agreement, which is determined by the NBA and National Basketball Players Association (NBPA), was agreed upon in December 2016 and runs through the 2023-24 season. According to sources involved in the negotiation, marijuana was not a topic of discussion and remains a banned substance (source).

“I think we’ve got to change the collection bargaining agreement,” Stern said in the documentary, “and let you [the player] do what’s legal in your state.”

Al Harrington (former power forward) has been a strong proponent of the use of medical marijuana. Harrington has developed marijuana businesses in three states and hopes to show the NBA the medical benefits of marijuana. He has spoken to NBPA President Chris Paul about the possibility of the union making a push toward removing medical marijuana as a banned substance (source).

 

AL HARRINGTON. SOURCE: ESPN.COM.

 

It appears the NBA is open to the idea of removing medical marijuana from the banned substances list; however, the league needs more scientific documentation before making any changes. It is also likely the NBPA will need to initiate this change as the league will not likely make it on their own.

MLB

SOURCE: ROB BYE ON UNSPLASH.

Since the Major League Baseball (MLB) and the MLB Players Association (MLBPA) came to their first Joint Drug Agreement in 2002, the MLB has been lenient towards the use of marijuana. The focus of the MLB’s drug policy remains on performance-enhancing drugs, not cannabis.

Under the current Drug Prevention and Treatment Program, major league players do not participate in random drug tests for drugs of abuse, such as cannabis. Instead, players are tested upon a reasonable cause of use. Additionally, if a player exceeds the THC threshold of 50ng/ml, they are not likely subject to suspension. The player will most likely be subject treatment and/or fines, which cannot exceed $35,000 per violation.

With the tolerance of cannabis use in the major league, one would expect to see more proponents of CBD in the organization. David Wells (former pitcher) is one of the only MLB athletes, both former and current, that is an advocate of CBD oil.

In an interview with ThePostGame’s David Katz, Wells said, “I wish I knew about it back when I played because I would’ve been all over it. I would’ve took those risks.”

Discrepancy in Punishment

In the MLB, there is a strong discrepancy between the punishment imposed on major league players and minor league players for the use of cannabis. The MLBPA has opposed harsh punishment for marijuana use, but minor league players are not protected by the union. Because of this, the MLB sets the drug policies for minor league players.

The Minor League Baseball testing program suspends for marijuana use: one positive test results in admittance into a Drug Rehabilitation Program, a second positive test results in a 50-game suspension, a third positive test results in a 100-game suspension, and a fourth positive test results in a permanent ban from organized baseball. The MLB is the only major league sports organization to implement a ban for the use of marijuana.

The MLBPA appears to be the driving factor in the MLB’s lenient approach to marijuana use. The association’s willingness to remove CBD from the list of drugs of abuse has not been discussed. As of now, both the MLB and the MLBPA seem to be content with the current Joint Drug Agreement and there does not seem to be enough push from the players to consider a change in regards to CBD.

NHL

In terms of physical demand, hockey is high on the list. In addition to being a full-contact sport, brawls on the ice are a major draw for spectators. Similar to the NFL, the NHL team doctors answer to the taxing game of hockey by prescribing painkillers and other pain-masking medications.

Unlike the NFL, however, cannabis is not on the National Hockey League’s (NHL) list of banned substances as it is not considered performance enhancing. However, this does not mean that the league condones the use of marijuana. Players are still tested for cannabinoids under the NHL/NHL Players Association (NHLPA) Substance Abuse and Behavioral Health Program.

If an NHL player tests positive for cannabinoids, there is no discipline. Rather, the results are sent to the NHL/NHLPA committee anonymously for review and the committee uses the results to determine testing practices in the future. Only if high levels of cannabinoids are found in the system is a player subject to a mandatory assessment by a doctor.

For retired NHL player Riley Cote (former enforcer), leaving cannabis off the performance enhancing list is not enough. Rather than turning a blind eye to marijuana use, Cote wants the league to recognize cannabis as a medical solution.

RILEY COTE. SOURCE: AP PHOTO/DAVUD ZALUBOWSKI.

“[Cannabis] is a tool and it needs to be treated with respect…. It’s all about increasing quality of life. It’s about helping these guys wake up the next morning, where they can feel functional enough, good enough, [that] they can enjoy their family and not worry about the pain and anxiety — that vicious cycle that generally leads to mental health issues” – Riley Cote, former enforcer (source)

The Prohibited Substances List negotiated by the NHL and NHLPA reflects the WADA’s list of performance-enhancing substances (source). With influence from the WADA, it is possible that we will see additional reform to the rules surrounding cannabinoids. As of now, the push from players is in respect to medical marijuana, not CBD; however, a change in cannabinoid policy will be to the benefit of THC as well as CBD. With the most lenient rules regarding cannabinoids in major league sports, the NHL could lead the way in professional sports in regards to CBD.

Conclusion

There are many in the world of sports that are proponents for the removal of CBD from their league’s banned substances list. Athletes are acknowledging the medical benefits of cannabis and are using their platform to promote change in their leagues. However, it will take the support of many to prompt reform, which is difficult when active athletes fear the repercussions of speaking out on a controversial topic such as marijuana.  CBD and hemp are even considered controversial though they do not cause a “high”.

With more states legalizing the use of medicinal and recreational marijuana, and with an increasing acceptance of marijuana by the public, these organizations will be forced to reevaluate their policies in the upcoming years.

Removing CBD from the organization’s banned substances list is a plausible first step in cannabis reform. Acknowledging CBD as a compound separate from marijuana would provide players with a holistic alternative to addictive painkillers without the high. It would also eliminate the organizations’ shared challenge of catering to the varied state legalization laws, as CBD is legal in all 50 states. If a league does decide to move in the direction of legalization, wouldn’t CBD be a step in the right direction?

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An Introduction to the Endocannabinoid System (What is it?)

endocannabinoid system and balance

Cannabidiol (CBD) is an effective health supplement because we have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) in our body to interact with it. While the endocannabinoid system’s primary purpose is not to engage with cannabis, it interacts with the cannabis plant similarly to compounds we naturally create in the body.

The relationship between the endocannabinoid system and cannabis is a fairly new area of study, although it has piqued the interest of humans for thousands of years. Before the endocannabinoid system was discovered, humans recognized the influence of cannabis on the human body but could not explain the biological process behind it. The search for understanding of the cannabis plant has lead researchers to discover the endocannabinoid system.

As you research the effect of cannabinoids, you’ll find that cannabis has a considerable influence on the body. To understand how cannabinoids such as CBD interact with the body, we must look at the full picture of the endocannabinoid system.

Homeostasis: A Balancing Act

The ECS maintains our well being by regulating key biological aspects of our body. Most importantly, it plays a central role in keeping our body in homeostasis. In the human body, homeostasis is the maintenance of a constant internal environment despite external changes. This biological state is highly important to the proper functioning of the body.

To work at optimal performance, our cells must work in specific conditions which often fall into a narrow range. The ECS plays a major role in adjusting conditions to fall within this range.

Homeostasis is a balancing act. Similar to a tightrope walker, we are continually being pulled from our point of stability. To maintain a stable environment, the body must constantly regulate several factors and adjust as conditions change.

How the Endocannabinoid System Works

The ECS is made up of three components: cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids, and metabolic enzymes. These components are found throughout the body, including the brain, tissues, and organs.

The ECS is a signaling network that uses endocannabinoids to control processes in the body. Endocannabinoids (endo meaning within) are specialized compounds that are synthesized, or created, in the body as needed. When outside homeostasis, the body produces endocannabinoids to reclaim its balance. Endocannabinoids then send information to the cells that gives the cells a specific direction that will result in a return to homeostasis. Let’s take a further look at how this process works.

When unbalanced, the body produces endocannabinoids to send a specific message to the cell. The two major endocannabinoids are anandamide and 2-AG. Endocannabinoids work as messengers to send information through the receptor and into the cell. To do so, they bind to and activate cannabinoid receptors.

Cannabinoid receptors observe the conditions outside the cell and send the information inside the cell. If conditions outside the cell change, the cannabinoid receptors notify the cell which prompts a cellular response. When an endocannabinoid binds to the receptor, the receptor relays the message to the cell. Cannabinoid receptors act as a telephone of sorts, sending a message across the cellular membrane.

The two major cannabinoid receptors are labeled CB1 and CB2. Both are found throughout the body; however, CB1 receptors are more prominent in the brain which CB2 receptors are found in abundance outside the nervous system (see left).

As soon as they have performed their task, endocannabinoids are broken down by metabolic enzymes. The two major metabolic enzymes are FAAH and MAGL. This final process makes sure that endocannabinoids are being used only for as long as they’re needed.

How CBD Interacts with the Endocannabinoid System

Cannabinoids can be created by the body, by plants, and synthetically. CBD and THC are the two main cannabinoids in the cannabis plant that mimic the function of endocannabinoids. In particular, the benefit of CBD has been an interesting area of study as it does not create a high like THC does.

does cbd have thc

So how does CBD interact with the body? While THC binds to the CB1 receptor directly to create a high, CBD interacts differently with the ECS. Rather than binding to the cannabinoid receptors, CBD indirectly affects the signaling of the CB1 and CB2 receptors. This prevents other compounds from binding to the receptors, which explains how CBD diminishes the effect of THC, as it inhibits THC from binding to cannabinoid receptors. Additionally, CBD inhibits the FAAH enzyme from breaking down anandamide, which allows for a greater prevalence of the endocannabinoid in the body.

CBD interacts with a number of different receptors and therefore has been studied for various therapeutic benefits. There are exciting possibilities of what this can mean for health and wellness. As of now, we know that CBD is of benefit for maintaining wellness. We encourage you to research the many other benefits of CBD.

 

By learning the process of the endocannabinoid system, we begin to understand how CBD provides benefit to our health. Do you have additional questions regarding CBD and the ECS? Leave a comment below!

 

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Cannabidiol News 2017: A Year in Review

In 2017, cannabidiol (CBD) made headlines that included personal testimonies, medical research, and government involvement. While government stance was not always clear, one thing is for certain: there’s been progress in the acceptance of CBD as a wellness supplement. The following are the top stories of 2017 that influenced the legalization, education, or advancement of CBD.


January

  • January 27: Representatives Morgan Griffith (R-VA) and Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) introduce the Compassionate Access Act, which recommends the rescheduling of marijuana and CBD.

This measure proposes that CBD is excluded from the definition of marijuana and is removed from coverage under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

“There are countless reports of marijuana’s medicinal benefits… It is time to research this further, and, where legal, to allow real doctors and real pharmacists to prescribe or dispense marijuana for legitimate medical reasons for real patients.” – Representative Morgan Griffith (R-VA)

February

  • Ireland announces plans to legalize cannabis for specific medical conditions.

Health Minister Simon Harris announces that he will recommend to the Health Products Regulatory Authority that cannabis-based products be made available to some patients with multiple sclerosis, severe epilepsy, or undergoing chemotherapy.

“I believe this report marks a significant milestone in developing policy in this area. This is something I am eager to progress but I am also obligated to proceed on the basis of the best clinical advice.” – Health Minister Simon Harris

  • February 8: The New Zealand Ministry of Health changes the approval process for patients seeking medical marijuana.
Source: New Zealand Herald

Under the new law, the Ministry of Health will approve patients’ applications for medicinal cannabis rather than the minister.

The legislation would federally decriminalize marijuana.

March

  • March 17: Utah Governor Gary Herbert signs medical marijuana research bill, which implores Congress to reclassify marijuana as a Schedule II drug and encourages researchers to investigate the benefits of medical marijuana.

April

  • Tennessee District Attorney Brent Cooper gives CBD retailers a 30 days notice to stop transactions involving CBD or face prosecution.
  • Canada announces plans to legalize marijuana by July 2018.

If the bill passes as expected, Canada will become the second nation to legalize marijuana.

  • April 6: Congressmen Matt Gaetz (R-FL) and Darren Soto (D-FL) introduce a federal bill that would reschedule marijuana as Schedule III substance.

The proposed legislation would make it easier for patients and scientific and medical researchers to obtain marijuana.

“This drug should not be in the same category as heroin and LSD, and we do not need to continue with a policy that turns thousands of young people into felons every year.  Nor do we need to punish the millions of people who are sick and seeking medical help – from pain, from muscle wasting, from chemotherapy-induced nausea” – Congressman Matt Gaetz (R-FL)

  • April 17: Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker signs the Senate Bill 10, making it easier to acquire CBD oil.

The legislation allows families to have CBD oil in possession for any medical condition if approved yearly by a physician.

  • April 26: Indiana Governor Eric Holcomb signs the state’s first medical cannabis law, which legalizes the use of CBD for patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy.

Indiana becomes one of 17 states where low-THC, high-CBD products are approved for medical purposes in some circumstances.

“This is not the gateway to medical marijuana. This is not the gateway to recreational marijuana. This is a gateway for parents whose children have a hundred seizures a day or adults in the population — less than one third of one percent — who have epilepsy that can’t be treated by other means.” – Senator Randy Head (R-IN)

The passing of House Bill 1148 prompts a law enforcement crackdown on CBD, as some police interpret the law to mean that CBD is illegal for all who do not fall under the bill.

May

  • Colorado State University (CSU) conducts clinical trials to study the potential medicinal benefits of CBD and pets.

The Veterinary Teaching Hospital at CSU begins to study the effectiveness of CBD for the treatment of epilepsy and osteoporosis in dogs.

“We have diseases that we don’t have treatments for that work, so there’s a problem. A solution to that problem is trying to find a solution that does work, so we are always searching. That, along with this drug [CBD] becoming legalized, prompted a lot more questions from clients and veterinarians. And [with] me being unable to answer their questions, that really bothered me. So the more I started looking, the more I realized what a void there was in cannabis research.” – Dr. Stephanie McGrath, lead researcher

June

  • The International Cannabis and Cannabinoids Institute (ICCI) assesses the quality of CBD oils on the European market and issues a warning to European consumers about the risks of hazardous contaminants.
  • Mexico legalizes medicinal cannabis.

Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto publishes a bill that allows the use of medicinal cannabis for health and scientific purposes. The bill also establishes that cannabis products with less than 1 percent THC can be sold legally.

  • June 5: Upon the recommendation of Associate Health Minister Peter Dunne, New Zealand allows doctors to prescribe CBD oil.

Patients no longer need the Ministry of Health approval for use; instead, doctors can prescribe patients with a three month supply of CBD.

July

  • July 28: Congressmen James Comer (R-KY), Bob Goodlatte (R-VA), Jared Polis (D-CO) and Thomas Massie (R-KY) introduce legislation to remove industrial hemp from the Controlled Substances Act.

The Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2017 would legalize the cultivation of hemp in the United States.

August

The act proposes to remove marijuana from the controlled substances list, which would end the federal criminalization of cannabis.

“Our country’s drug laws are badly broken and need to be fixed. They don’t make our communities any safer – instead they divert critical resources from fighting violent crimes, tear families apart, unfairly impact low-income communities and communities of color, and waste billions in taxpayer dollars each year.

Descheduling marijuana and applying that change retroactively to people currently serving time for marijuana offenses is a necessary step in correcting this unjust system. States have so far led the way in reforming our criminal justice system and it’s about time the federal government catches up and begins to assert leadership.” – Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ)

September

  • September 29: The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) announces that it will be removing CBD from its list of banned substances in 2018.

November

  • Indiana Attorney General Curtis Hill says that CBD oil is illegal to sell or possess in Indiana.
  • Indiana Gov. Eric Holcomb warns retailers in to pull CBD oil from their shelves within 60 days.

*** Update as of 1-8-2018 > Indiana Apologizes to 50 Businesses Cited for Selling CBD < ***

  • November 1: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sends a warning letter to four companies which sell CBD oil.

“As part of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s ongoing efforts to protect consumers from health fraud, the agency today issued warning letters to four companies illegally selling products online that claim to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure cancer without evidence to support these outcomes.”

  • November 6-10: The 39th meeting of the WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (ECDD) convenes in Geneva, Switzerland to review CBD and 16 other drug substances.
  • Nov 30: Gov. Scott Walker signs a bill that allows Wisconsin farmers to grow industrial hemp.

December

  • Dec 11: In a preliminary report, the World Health Organization (WHO) finds no public health risks or abuse potentials for CBD.

Instead, the organization finds several medical applications for the compound.

World Health Organization Headquarters. Source: wikimedia commons.
Additional Sources:
Cook, Tony. (2017, April 21). Marijuana extract could soon be legal for Indiana epilepsy patients. IndyStar. Retrieved from: https://www.indystar.com/story/news/politics/2017/04/21/marijuana-extract-could-soon-legal-indiana-epilepsy-patients/100698120/
Dean, David. (2017, Oct. 9). Colorado State University Leading the Way in Veterinary CBD Treatment. Westword. Retrieved from:  http://www.westword.com/marijuana/colorado-state-university-leading-the-way-in-veterinary-cbd-treatment-9573197
Jordan, Greg. (2017, Feb. 3). Medical marijuana act reintroduced. Bluefield Daily Telegraph. Retrieved from: http://www.bdtonline.com/news/medical-marijuana-act-reintroduced/article_b263926a-e9bb-11e6-bd4e-034b58a42f06.html
McDonald, Henry. (2017, Feb. 10). Ireland to legalise cannabis for specific medical conditions. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/feb/10/ireland-legalise-cannabis-specific-medical-conditions-multiple-sclerosis-epilepsy-chemotherapy-safety-fears-drug
Office of Cory Booker. (2017). Booker Introduces Landmark Bill to End the Federal Prohibition on Marijuana. [Press release]. Retrieved from: https://www.booker.senate.gov/?p=press_release&id=638
Office of Matt Gaetz. (2017). Congressmen Gaetz and Soto Propose Legislation to Reschedule Marijuana. [Press release]. Retrieved from: https://gaetz.house.gov/media/press-releases/congressmen-gaetz-and-soto-propose-legislation-reschedule-marijuana
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What is the Bioavailability of CBD?

bioavailability of cbd

What is the Bioavailability of CBD?

CBD is available in many forms, including tinctures, edibles, capsules, and vape oils. The various means of consumption make CBD a versatile compound. With CBD products, you can cater to your supplement preferences and wellness goals.

Your choice of delivery method will determine the strength and distribution of CBD in your system. How you take CBD also has an effect on the bioavailability of a compound. The bioavailability of a substance is the percentage that is absorbed into the bloodstream after any other processing in the body.

Intravenous administration is said to have a 100% bioavailability; additional methods are compared to this route to create a ratio for the percentage bioavailability. While the bioavailability percentages vary between studies, there is a commonality between many. The following is an overview of the bioavailability of three of the most popular methods of CBD consumption: oral, sublingual, and inhalation.

Oral

Oral consumption of CBD can include products such as capsules, edibles, and oils. This method is popular due to its ease of use. Oral consumption is a quick and familiar method that is used for many supplements.

When consumed orally, CBD passes through the digestive system and circulates through the liver. The bioavailability of CBD is reduced during what is known as “first pass metabolism”. When consumed, CBD is metabolized by the liver and in other sites such as the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and blood. This reduces the amount of CBD that is present in the bloodstream.

The bioavailability of THC through oral consumption ranges from 4-20%. Sufficient data is not available for the bioavailability of CBD, which is why researchers are enthusiastic about the abundance of CBD research that is currently being conducted. As mentioned previously, factors such as absorption and metabolism are responsible for the low bioavailability.

While oral consumption has a lower bioavailability than other methods, it has been shown to have longer lasting effects.

Sublingual

Sublingual (under the tongue) consumption can be performed with products such as tinctures, concentrates, lozenges, and sprays. You may notice that many CBD oils recommend sublingual use rather than oral consumption due to its effectiveness.

When consumed sublingually, a substance is absorbed through the mucous membrane under the tongue. Capillaries in the connective tissue diffuse the substance, which then enters the bloodstream. In this method, the substance bypasses the first-pass metabolism. This accounts for a higher bioavailability than oral consumption. There is sufficient data to support that sublingual administration has a higher bioavailability than oral consumption; however, there are no specific percentages available.

Inhalation

CBD can be inhaled safely in the form of a vape oil and with a vaporizer pen. Vaping is a relaxing method that has gained popularity in the past years. It’s especially popular now that you can get natural CBD vape oils, rather than unhealthy VG/PG blends.

During the method of vaping, CBD enters the bloodstream through the lungs. To explain this process, we’re going to get a bit science-y.

all stars space GIF by StarTalk Radio with Neil deGrasse Tyson

When inhaled, the CBD enters the lungs and passes through tiny air sacs called alveoli, which exchange carbon dioxide and oxygen between the bloodstream and the lungs. CBD moves through the thin walls of the alveoli and directly into the bloodstream. Again, this method bypasses the first-pass metabolism and therefore can have a higher bioavailability than oral consumption.

The bioavailability of inhalation of THC is reported to be as high as 56%. Therefore, inhalation can have a higher bioavailability of sublingual administration as well. However, this number ranges greatly due to the dynamics of smoking. The size and spacing of puffs, hold time, and volume of inhalation can greatly affect the level of bioavailability.

Inhaling vaporized CBD oil is a quick and efficient method. Since the oxygen is entering the bloodstream directly, the effects of CBD are quickly present.

Other Factors

All methods are affected by the hydrophobic properties of CBD oil. CBD oil does not readily dissolve in water and, for that reason, it diffuses out of the bloodstream and collects in fatty tissues. This reduces the amount of active CBD in the system, therefore lower bioavailability. Dosage and potency will also affect the bioavailability of a substance.

Bioavailability affects everything we consume, including food and other substances. While a low bioavailability may seem discouraging, it is quite the opposite. Varying bioavailabilities gives the consumer options. A lower amount of CBD can work well for some while higher amounts work well for others. Varying potencies makes CBD accessible for a wide range of people.

CBD Serving Size

The best CBD method will vary from person to person. When first trying CBD, is it best to start with the serving size on the label. If after a week the effects are not where you’d like them to be, increase the serving size for another week. Continue this process until you are happy with the results. Check out our other blog to learn more about CBD serving sizes.

Quality CBD Oil

Most importantly, the CBD content is dependent on the quality of the CBD oil. High-quality CBD oil will be consistent and will provide the level of CBD that is advertised. Be sure to purchase CBD products from a reputable source that has readily available information about their products. A COA is a great way to ensure what is on the package is what is in the product. This will ensure that you are receiving a quality product that will perform optimally.

 

What method of CBD consumption have you found to work well for you? Leave a comment below!

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What is Hemp Oil Made From?

what's hemp oil made from

What is Hemp Oil Made From?

As its name suggests, hemp oil comes from the hemp plant. However, hemp oil is more complex than it appears on paper. Hemp oil is a valuable health supplement and has a detailed development process. To understand the benefits of hemp oil, it is important to understand how it advances from plant to final product.

Hemp Oil Vs Hemp Seed Oil

It is a common misconception that hemp oil and hemp seed oil are the same. Hemp seed oil can be bought at your local grocery store and is used in cooking products or topical products such as soaps and lotions. Although hemp seed oil is sourced from hemp plants, it is not the same as hemp oil. Hemp seed oil comes from the seeds of the cannabis plant and does not contain any CBD, the main ingredient in hemp oil. Hemp oil is derived from the leaves, stalks, and flowers of the cannabis plant and contains high amounts of CBD.

cbd hemp oil vs hemp seed oil

 

 

Where Does Hemp Oil Originate?

At Made By Hemp, we source our hemp oil from industrial hemp plants grown on European farms. Not only do these farms provide a quality product, but importing our oil makes it legal to purchase and sell in all 50 states.

You may be wondering why we import our hemp oil rather than source it from the U.S. Two major factors play into this. Currently, U.S. farmers are not permitted to grow hemp for commercial use. By sourcing our hemp oil from Europe, where hemp farming for commercial use is permitted, we are able to sell our hemp oil legally across all 50 states.

Additionally, European hemp farmers have decades of experience. European cultivators are worldly-acclaimed hemp producers. In order to provide the highest quality products, we source the highest quality hemp.

How is Hemp Oil Extracted?

Hemp oil must be extracted properly if it is to offer the full benefits of CBD. Cannabidiol can be extracted in a number of ways and the quality of extraction is of the greatest importance.

We receive hemp oil that is extracted using a CO2 extraction method. In this method, carbon dioxide is exposed to high pressure and low temperature. This method is complicated but is the safest and cleanest method of extraction. By using hemp oil that has been extracted using a CO2 method, we can provide clean and pure CBD products.

What is Your Testing Process?

Once the hemp oil is extracted, it is imported into the U.S. and is then lab-tested. After such, we receive the hemp oil in our Michigan facility. Once we receive the hemp oil, we send out a 1g sample of each batch to a third-party cannabis testing lab. The lab uses high-performance liquid chromatography to determine the cannabinoid potency and checks for any impurities. Only after all tests well do we proceed with using the oil to create our hemp products. As an extra quality control measure, we also consistently send blind samples of our products to a third-party lab to test for potency and purity.

What’s in Your Raw Hemp Oil?what's in raw hemp oil

CBD is the main ingredient in raw hemp oil. CBD is a legal cannabinoid and has been studied for the way it reacts with the endocannabinoid system to promote well-being. CBD oil is a natural solution with no psychoactive or intoxicating effects. Along with CBD, plant material and phytonutrients are present in raw hemp oil. Phytonutrients are natural plant chemicals that provide benefit to keep the body functioning at its best.

 

 

 

What’s in Your Other Hemp Oil Products?

CBD remains the most important ingredient in our hemp oil products. At Made by Hemp, we value all-natural ingredients with no added chemicals or synthetic substances. To give our products different uses and benefits, we add certain ingredients such as coconut oil or plant terpenes for flavor. When you shop our CBD hemp oil products, there is always a list of ingredients available for you to read.

 

To learn more about what hemp oil is made from and how our products are made, follow us on our social channels or contact us at (844)887-4367.

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What are Terpenes?

what are terpenes

What are Terpenes?

The word “terpenes” is commonly referred to when it comes to flavoring hemp products. In terms of cannabis, terpenes play a significant role. As new research is presented, we are beginning to understand that cannabis is more than its cannabinoid content. In fact, cannabis is composed of many compounds that interact in therapeutic ways.

terpenesPlant terpenes are a natural component of cannabis that gives the plant a potent aromaticity. Cannabis varieties have a complex scent and flavor because of terpenes, such as citrus, pine, and mint. As of now, over 200 terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant; each cannabis strain has a unique terpene profile.

Terpenes are a major component of resin and are secreted in trichomes, which are tiny hairs that produce secretion. These glands that also produce cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Terpenes are by no means exclusive to the cannabis plant; they can be found in other herbs, fruits, and plants as well. Similar to other plants, terpenes are developed to attract pollinators, repel predators, protect the plant from environmental stressors.

Terpenes: More Than Aromatics

Terpenes are more than just their complex aromaticity. Not only do they help create a diverse selection of cannabis flavors, but they also play an instrumental role in the effect of cannabis.

THC has remained a main focus of cannabis research since it was isolated in 1964 by Raphael Mechoulam. Only in recent years have researchers given a close examination of CBD and other cannabinoids. Since the focus of cannabis has laid on cannabinoid content, researchers are just now beginning to explore the benefits of terpenes. From this research, we are discovering that terpenes work synergistically with cannabinoids in what is known as the entourage effect.

The Entourage Effect

Similar to cannabinoids, terpenes interact with endocannabinoid receptors in the body to produce various effects. The effect of interaction can vary from terpene to terpene.

Additionally, terpenes moderate our body’s interaction with cannabinoids. This synergy between cannabis compounds is known as the entourage effect. Research on the entourage effect has shown that the cannabis plant can be more effective as a whole in comparison to its individual parts. This research has opened the door for new studies on the interaction between cannabinoids and terpenes.

Primary Terpenes

Some terpenes are referred to as primary terpenes as they are most prevalent in cannabis strains.

alpha-pinene

α Pinene

Scent: sharp, pine

Effects: anti-inflammatory, promotes alertness, counters short-term memory loss

Also found in: conifer trees, orange peels, pine needles, rosemary

linalool

Linalool

Scent: floral, spice

Effects: calming, sedative, anti-inflammatory

Also found in: lavender, coriander, birch, rosewood

myrcene

Myrcene

Scent: musky, herbal

Effects: antibiotic, sedative, anti-inflammatory

Also found in: mangoes, hops, thyme, lemongrass

limonene

Limonene

Scent: citrus

Effects: elevated mood, stress relief, antifungal

Also found in: citrus rinds, juniper, peppermint

ocimene

Ocimene

Scent: fragrant, herbal

Effects: antifungal, decongestant, antibacterial

Also found in: mint, pepper, basil, orchids

terpinolene

Terpinolene

Scent: floral, herbal

Effects: antioxidant, sedative, antibacterial

Also found in: nutmeg, tea tree, conifers, apples

terpineol

Terpineol

Scent: floral, pine

Effects: antioxidant, sedative, anti-inflammatory

Also found in: lilacs, pine trees, lime blossoms, eucalyptus sap

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How Do You Use CBD Oil?

How do you use cbd oil

How Do You Use CBD Oil?

CBD oil is available in many forms. Part of what makes CBD oil so appealing is its versatility. No matter your preference of CBD consumption, there is an option suited for you.

best cbd products

There are many ways to use CBD oil, from tinctures to vape and concentrates to capsules. At Made By Hemp, our goal is to offer all things hemp, giving our customers the opportunity to find what works best for them.

If you’re new to CBD oil products, you may be wondering: how do you use CBD oil? Don’t feel intimidated by the different forms and concentrations that are available: we’re here to help! Getting started with CBD oil is an easy process; it’s simply a matter of determining what your wellness goals are and what method suits your lifestyle.

Serving Sizes

It is important to note that when it comes to CBD, serving sizes are not one-size-fits-all. While we can make recommendations, we cannot tell you the exact amount of CBD to take, because everyone is different.

As with any change to our routine, our bodies need time to adjust. Finding the correct amount of CBD oil to take might require some experimentation. We suggest starting with the recommended serving size and working your way up from there. There have been few side effects of CBD reported, so experimenting with CBD oil is a safe method to discover how much you should take.

Methods of Taking CBD Oil

How do you use cbd oil

As mentioned previously, there are many methods of taking CBD. Discovering which method is best for you is determined by your lifestyle and supplement preferences.

Once you’ve chosen your best method, you need to know how to use it! This blog is meant to act as a comprehensive guide of how to use our most popular CBD products.

How to Use Pure Hemp Oil

How to use pure CBD oilOut of all our CBD products, pure hemp oil has the highest concentration of CBD. These oils are extracted right from the hemp plant and have no added ingredients. Pure hemp oil has a thick, paste-like consistency and is usually taken sublingually (under the tongue). For those with advanced wellness goals, pure hemp oil is a great fit, as it is a highly concentrated form of CBD.

To use pure hemp oil sublingually, dispense the serving size onto the back of your hand, a spoon, or directly under your tongue. The suggested serving size is about the size of a grain of rice, but again, your serving size may differ. Once you have dispensed the oil, place it underneath your tongue and wait 60-90 seconds before swallowing.

How to Use Tinctures

how do you use cbd oilTinctures are CBD oil in a liquid form that has added ingredients such as natural herbs and essential oils to improve flavor. These supplements are delivered through a dropper and servings can be easily adjusted. Tinctures come highly recommended due to their range of flavors and strengths.

Tinctures are used sublingually. The recommended serving size varies but is commonly a dropper-full. To use, shake the bottle to mix the ingredients. Open the bottle and draw your preferred serving size with the dropper top. Release the serving under your tongue and wait 60-90 seconds before swallowing. For more information about tinctures, visit this blog.

How to Use E-Liquids

CBD oil in an e-liquid form can be consumed using a vaporizer. Vaping allows CBD to quickly enter your bloodstream for fast-acting results. By using e-liquid, you can get the benefits of CBD oil through the relaxing act of vaping. Made By Hemp sells e-liquid in a variety of products; each product has slightly different directions.

How to vape CBD oil

Prefilled cartridges are attached to a vape battery and are then thrown away after use. To use the Alternate Vape Vape Shot, twist the disposable tank onto the battery. Breathe in through the mouthpiece to vape. Make sure not to take more than three puffs in quick succession as it may damage the coil.

As you breathe in through the vaporizer pen, lights around the bottom of the pen will light up in red. If they do not light up or start blinking intermittently, that means your battery needs to charge. Twist off the battery and twist it onto the USB charger. Charge the battery through your computer or use a USB wall charger.

Vape oil is filled into a compatible vaporizer and is then vaporized. Directions for vaporizing may vary depending on the pen you choose. When you purchase the Alternate Vape CBD Vape Oil, you have the option of purchasing the kit, which has everything you need to begin.

If you’re new to vaping, the many methods of vaping may be confusing. To learn more about vaping, visit our blog about the best vape pens for beginners.

How to Use Capsule Supplements

Capsules are a familiar way to take CBD oil. These supplements are available in a range of concentrations and fit into a variety of lifestyles due to their ease of use. Capsules have a slow release, so we recommend taking your supplement one to two hours before your preferred release time.

Taking a CBD capsule is similar to the capsules you are familiar with. Simply consume the capsule by washing it down with your preferred liquid.

Using CBD Oil

It’s important to know the proper way to use CBD oil, no matter which method you determine to be your best fit. If you still have questions on how to take CBD oil, contact us.

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Made By Hemp Gift Guide

cbd gift guide

Are you interested in introducing your friends and family to CBD? The holidays are a great time to do so. By giving CBD products, you can promote wellness while spreading holiday cheer.

We know that finding the right CBD fit for everyone can be a challenge. With the many ways to incorporate CBD into your routine, how do you choose which products to give? No need to stress: this hemp gift guide does the work for you!

We’ve arranged our hemp gift guide into five giftees that could benefit from CBD products. We sorted through the dozens of products at Made By Hemp and have chosen the best fit for your friends and family. Give the gift of wellness this season by giving CBD.

For Those Who Need Relaxation

Especially around the holidays, stressors can take a toll. Between housing the in-laws, making the perfect holiday meal, and purchasing gifts, it can be easy to become overwhelmed. Is there someone in your life that could use some relaxation? Maybe they’ve mentioned a struggle with anxiety or difficulty falling asleep.

For this person, you are most likely looking for a product that promotes a general sense of calm. The following CBD products are especially helpful for those who need help winding down or falling asleep.

Alternate Vape CBD Vape Kit, $29.99 – $39.99

Vaping is a relaxing and efficient way to incorporate CBD into your routine. Not only does it deliver a potent serving of CBD, but the act of vaping in itself is very relaxing.

Alternate Vape is made with an MCT (fractionated coconut) oil base and includes no PG or VG. The AV cartridge comes in three natural flavors: mint, citrus, and kush. Receive everything you need to begin vaping by choosing “Yes” on the “Make it a Kit” option.

Your giftee will appreciate this all-natural method of taking CBD. This kit comes with everything they need to get started!

Hemp Skincare Kit for Face and Body, $100

made by hemp face skincare kit

CBD is beneficial as a supplement, but did you know it has great benefits for the skin, too? Experience the full potential of hemp-based skincare with the Made By Hemp skincare kit. The kit includes Moisturizer, (2x) Hemp Lip Balms, Face Cleanser, Face Toner, and Face Serum.

These five products are perfect for all skin types and are a must-have for a powerful and natural skincare regimen. Your loved one will find the natural benefits of this skincare kit relaxing and healing.

Therapeutic CBD Chocolate, $24.99

There isn’t much that’s more relaxing than winding down with a delicious bite of chocolate. The Therapeutic CBD chocolate is an artisan chocolate bar that is packed with a potent concentration of CBD. Not only will your giftee enjoy the delicious taste of this chocolate, they will also receive the calming benefits of CBD.

For Those With an Active Lifestyle

For those with an active lifestyle, sore joints and muscles are seemingly unavoidable. Just because they come with the territory doesn’t mean that they should be tolerated! CBD is a natural topical solution. The active person in your life will appreciate the benefits of CBD for sore joints and muscles.

Mary’s Nutritionals CBD Muscle Freeze, $35.00

Marys Nutritionals Hemp CBD Muscle Freeze

Mary’s Nutritionals CBD Muscle Freeze is packed full of plant extracts that are meant to soothe sore muscles. When applied generously to the affected area, the CBD Muscle Freeze uses a cooling action to promote healing.

Mary’s Nutritionals Elite CBD Muscle Patch, $10.00

Marys Nutritionals Elite CBD Patch

Mary’s Elite CBD Patch offers a controlled CBD release to any area of your skin. Place the patch on the target area and enjoy CBD release for 8-12 hours. The Elite CBD Patch is a convenient way to get the topical benefits CBD on a busy day. This gift is perfect for those who are looking for a natural solution to joint and muscle aches.

Hemp for Muscles and Joints Salve, $42.95

made by hemp cbd salve for muscles

The Muscle and Joint Salve is an all-natural solution for targeting muscles and joints. This salve is formulated with 100mg of high-CBD hemp oil, lavender oil, beeswax, and peppermint oil. This product is ideal for smaller areas such as the hands, elbows, knees, and feet. The small package is perfect for keeping with you to apply throughout the day.

For Those Who are Health Conscious

Those with a health-conscious perspective won’t be hesitant to try CBD; in fact, they may be already familiar with CBD and its positive effects. Our most potent products are a perfect fit for those who are most familiar with CBD. They will be enthusiastic to try the latest in CBD products!

Proprietary Hemp Extract – Blue Label, $24.95 – $169.95

The Blue Label hemp extract is a Made By Hemp best seller. It is a pure hemp oil that is extracted right from the hemp plant. This hemp oil is ideal for those looking to receive a high level of nutrients from a non-filtered hemp oil. This product is an all-natural substance that contains no additives. Your giftee will look forward to receiving all the benefits of this potent hemp oil extract!

 

Tasty Hemp Oil Tasty Drops, $35.00 – $60.00

tasty hemp oil

Tasty Hemp Oil is a sublingual tincture made with a raw hemp oil extract. Tinctures are liquid supplements that are held under the tongue and then swallowed. These tinctures are made with a proprietary blend of CBD and support a healthy lifestyle. Available in five flavors, Tasty Drops are a flavorful and effective method for getting a daily allowance of CBD. Those who are health conscious will appreciate the quick absorption of a tincture.

Tasty Hemp Oil Softgels, $50.00

hemp softgels

For those who prefer to take a daily capsule, the Tasty Hemp Oil Softgels are the perfect fit. The Tasty Hemp Oil Softgels include hemp oil extract, hemp seed oil, and natural phytocannabinoids. This oil is packed with omega-3, omega-6, vitamins, minerals, and other phytonutrients. The Tasty Hemp Oil Softgels make a great gift for those who are always on the go!

For Those Who are New to CBD

Perhaps you’ve experienced the benefits of CBD and are eager to it share with others. We’re right there with you! There may be some who are hesitant to try CBD or don’t know where to start. What are the best products for those new to CBD? We suggest those that taste the best!

CBD Gummies, $99.99

CBD gummies

The CBD Gummies are an enjoyable way to get a daily allowance of CBD. Available in a variety of fruit flavors, these supplements are tasty and nutritious. Your giftee won’t forget to take them!

Tasty Chocolates, $16.00

hemp chocolate

With Tasty Chocolates, you can enjoy the benefits of CBD in a high-quality chocolate. Hemp chocolate is an easy supplement method to stick to and it’s a discreet way to take CBD. Tasty Cocoas come in three delicious flavors: Dark Chocolate, Dark Chocolate Mint, and Raspberry Milk Chocolate.

For Those Who are Always on the Go

There are some people who never seem to stop going. They are constantly moving from place to place, whether for work, travel, or family life. These products are the quickest methods for taking CBD. Your loved one will appreciate these timely methods of getting CBD!

Tasty Hemp Oil Tasty Chews, $16.00

These bite-sized hemp edibles are made with 100mg caffeine and 5mg CBD for a full boost of energy. Tasty Chews are an enjoyable way to get a daily allowance of CBD and caffeine. They come in two tasty flavors: icy mint and sour apple. These small, individually-wrapped edibles can be taken on the go, which will come in handy for those who are on the move.

CBDfx Chill Shot, $6.99

The CBDfx Chill Shot is a ready-to-drink lemonade beverage that contains 20mg of CBD and 200mg of L-Theanine. The Chill Shot can be taken quickly and has a proprietary blend of full-spectrum CBD. This product will be ultra-convenient for your loved one!

MedCBD Gum, $19.99

buy cbd gum

The MedCBDfx Gum can be used at any time and anywhere. It is a fast-acting chewing gum that contains 80mg CBD. This is a familiar method for your giftee that will make it easy to get a daily allowance of CBD.

 

Don’t see the right fit on this list? Give us a call! We’d be happy to help you find the best gift.

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What is Cannabidiol?

what is cannabidiol basics

cannabidiolCannabidiol: The Basics

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is one of over 85 active cannabinoids that have been identified in cannabis. Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds that react with our cannabinoid receptors. CBD occurs naturally and in high quantities in cannabis and is found in the seeds, stalks, and flowers. CBD is extracted easily from cannabis due to its prevalence in the plant.

In short, cannabidiol is a chemical compound found in cannabis.

The Different Strains of Cannabis

When we refer to cannabis, we are referring to both hemp and marijuana. There is a difference between these plants. Both are strains of the cannabis plant but have different uses and extraction processes.

Marijuana is cultivated for its psychoactive properties. Hemp is grown for more industrial purposes such as for food and textiles. They require different growing conditions and have different parental genetics.

The major difference between hemp and marijuana is the THC levels. CBD can be extracted in the form of an oil from industrial hemp and marijuana; the former is legal while the latter is not. To be considered hemp, the plant must contain less than 0.3 percent THC. This is a trace amount that does not have psychoactive effects. All of Made by Hemp’s products are made with hemp oil that contains trace levels of THC. Our products are legal to sell and purchase.

Effects of Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol is non-psychoactive. As mentioned previously, CBD extracted from industrial hemp contains less than 0.3 percent THC, which is a trace amount. In fact, CBD has been shown to negate the effects of THC.

CBD interacts with the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. CBD does not react directly with these receptors, rather it inhibits other enzymes from activating with it. This includes THC. For that reason, you do not get high with CBD.

The benefits of cannabidiol are being studied thoroughly. As of now, we know that CBD works positively with our endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for keeping our body in homeostasis. Cannabidiol reacts with the cannabinoid receptors to maintain that balance. Since we cannot make any medical claims, we encourage you to research the effects of cannabidiol further.

How is Cannabidiol Extracted?

Hemp oil must be extracted properly in order to receive the benefits of CBD. Cannabidiol can be extracted in a number of ways, but what is most important is the quality of extraction.

We receive hemp oil that is extracted using a CO2 extraction method. In this method, carbon dioxide is exposed to high pressure and low temperature. Although complicated, this is the safest and cleanest method.

Products with Cannabidiol

Made by Hemp offers a variety of products that contain CBD oil. Whether you’d like to take CBD in the form of a supplement, tincture, or edible, we have a wide range of options to suit your needs. All of Made by Hemp’s products are selected for their quality and effectiveness.

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Does CBD Oil Have Side Effects?

Does CBD oil have side effects

Does CBD Oil Have Side Effects?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a prevalent chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. It can be legally derived from industrial hemp in the form of an oil. CBD hemp oil has a variety of uses: it can be taken as a nutritional supplement or infused into other products, such as skincare.

As CBD continues to grow in popularity, you may be interested in trying CBD for yourself. There have been many studies on the benefits of using CBD oil as a part of your daily routine. But what are the side effects of CBD? At Made by Hemp, we’ve mentioned the many benefits of CBD and want to completely inform our customers on everything CBD related.

Although research is still in the beginning stages, the side effects of CBD are reportedly minor. It is important to note that CBD hemp oil does not have the psychoactive properties that are found in THC. Overall, CBD oil is considered a safe supplement to take.

Uses of CBD Hemp Oil

CBD hemp oil can be used for many purposes and at Made by Hemp we hope to meet all of your CBD needs. Whether you are new to CBD or a seasoned user, we carry a range of products to assist you with your wellness goals.

CBD oil can be used in its purest form or mixed with other ingredients. Often, we will use natural ingredients, such as coconut oil and terpenes, to mask the hemp flavor. CBD oil can be vaped, taken sublingually, or eaten in the form of an edible. It is also a beneficial ingredient in skincare.

The Benefits of CBD Hemp Oil

As the popularity of CBD continues to grow, more studies emerge on the benefits of its use. This cannabis extract has been studied closely because of its many benefits and few side effects. Unlike the cannabinoid THC, CBD does not have any psychoactive properties. Due to this, CBD oil is considered a safe supplement to use every day.

CBD works with our endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for keeping the body in homeostasis. CBD regulates the endocannabinoid receptors, which are located in the brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. Endocannabinoid receptors assist with control of appetite, pain, mood, and memory.

The Side Effects of CBD

Although research is still in the beginning stages, there have been few side effects of CBD reported.

Excessive use of CBD has little-known side effects. In higher servings, it has reportedly caused drowsiness and digestive upset. We recommend following the serving size for each product.

Buying Quality CBD Oil

As with any health supplement, the quality of your CBD oil can make a difference in the side effects that are experienced. At Made by Hemp, we are particular about the products that we choose to sell.

Our CBD hemp oil products are made with CBD oil derived from European hemp plants. Once extracted, the oil is lab tested and sent to our Michigan facility. By importing oil from outside of the US, we can legally provide products to customers in all 50 states.

We send one gram of the CBD oil out to be tested by a third-party lab. The third-party tests for any impurities and ensures quality and safety. Only once the oil passes the test it is used to produce our natural hemp products.

As always, we encourage you to do your research before you buy. We are not medical professionals and do not intend to treat or prescribe. If you have any specific questions pertaining to your health, it is best to consult a doctor.