With its recent rise in popularity, you’ve likely have heard about CBD products, but what does CBD stand for and what is it?
CBD stands for cannabidiol (can·na·bid·i·ol) which is naturally found in hemp plants. Understanding CBD is the key to knowing how hemp oil supplements work and why this compound has captured the attention of so many scientists.
We now know what CBD stands for, but what exactly is it? CBD is a natural substance obtained from hemp plants that may promote wellness without any psychoactive or intoxicating effects. It is an active compound known as a cannabinoid.
Cannabinoids are the molecules which give the cannabis plant its medical and recreational properties. There are over 100 known cannabinoids today. The most well-known cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is most commonly used for the “recreational” function of the cannabis plant due to its psychoactive or intoxicating effects. CBD is non-intoxicating and is typically more associated with promoting an overall sense of calm as it may help to bring the body back into balance.
[RELATED POST: CBD vs THC: The Difference Explained]
How CBD Works
CBD, and all cannabinoids, work by interacting with our bodies endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is an internal series of cannabinoid receptors located throughout the body which work to bring the body back into balance (homeostasis).
Our body is able to produce its own cannabinoids called endocannabinoids. When our body is not able to produce enough endocannabinoids, supplementing with cannabinoids like CBD can help to support a healthy endocannabinoid system. For more on how CBD works, check out our post on the endocannabinoid system.
CBD Derived from Hemp vs Marijuana
When a person is interested in taking CBD for the first time, they should know where it is sourced from. Cannabidiol sourced from hemp is much different than from Marijuana.
[RELATED POST: The difference between Hemp and Marijuana]
Hemp derived CBD contains little to no THC, therefore it does not cause a “high”. When sourced from Marijuana, CBD will be found in conjunction with THC, and the THC would obviously cause an intoxicating effect. Marijuana is currently illegal unless you are in a state which allows for medical or recreational uses. Hemp is legal in all US states, as long as it is properly sourced according to the 2018 Farm Bill.
In order to know if your product is sourced from hemp and not marijuana, you will need to ask the company you are purchasing from for a lab test or a certificate of analysis (COA). If you are unfamiliar with how to read a lab test, we’ve created this helpful guide on how to read a certificate of analysis.
CBD Product Types
There are a wide variety of CBD products on the market. At Made by Hemp, we offer CBD in the form of pure hemp oil, tincture extracts, oil concentrates, vape oils, and even CBD for pets! You can also choose from many infused foods such as chocolates, gum, or gummies. Hemp oil has a pretty strong and distinct taste (think earthy) so some decide to purchase capsules instead of raw forms or oils. If a flavor is added to the oils, however, they taste a lot better.
CBD has to be ingested; pure oils and tinctures are taken sublingually. This means you place the oil under your tongue, wait 1-2 minutes and swallow. Vape oils must be inhaled using a special vaporizer e-pen.
Cannabidiol can also be used topically. Skin and beauty products made from hemp are all natural and good for the skin. Many athletes enjoy using CBD salves on their joints and muscles before and after workouts to help with soothing aches and pains from rigorous exercise.
For more information on CBD products and the various types, see our helpful CBD Oil Buyers Guide.
Now you know what CBD stands for, a little on what it is, and the product types… what’s next?